Six Key Volleyball Positions

It is essential for a player and a spectator to understand different volleyball playing positions. Failure to understand these positions as a player can be dangerous, as you can collide with your team members fighting for the ball if you are unsure of where you are meant to be during a play. As a spectator, you will get confused and fail to enjoy the game if you do not clearly understand different the 6 volleyball positions - www.volleyballadvice.com/volleyball-positions-roles-formations/. First, it is important to realize that there are two primary volley rotations which include the 6-2 and 5-1 rotation. To adequately engage in these rotations, you must understand the different playing positions.



Key Volleyball Positions

Middle Back position

The middle back position is the region in the midst of the court also known as the defensive zone. Some sports experts also call this position the p6, zone 6 of Z1. The middle back position is where the game is started by the middle blocker who is later replaced by the Libero, a back row specialist. Libero's however, do not play this position in competitive games. They occupy the left back position after an appropriate serve. The middle back position in competitive matches is usually represented by outside or right-hand side hitters.  

Left Back position

This is the defensive zone located on the left end of the court. It can also be referred to as the left pack position 5, P5, Zone 5 or Z1. This position is mostly played by the Liberos or in other instances the middle blocker after serving. The Libero substitutes for the middle blocker after the serve.

Left Front Position


This is the attacker zone located on the left side of the court. It can also be referred to as the "left back", position 4, P4, Zone 4 or Z4. This position is mainly played by the right-hand side hitter and the outside hitter in some after rotation.  In competitive matches, teams shift positions and place the weaker blocker at this position. When a setter is in this position, however, the best-starting rotation should be the 5-1 rotation.



Middle Front Position

This is also known as the attacker zone also referred to as the Position 3, P3, zone 3, Z3. This position is usually played by the middle hitter in all rotations. When the setter occupies this position, the basic starting serve line up should be the 5-1 rotation.

Right Front Position

This position is known as the attacker zone usually located in the middle of the court. This position is also referred to as the Position 2, P2, Zone 3, or Z3. This position is mainly played by the right side hitter, setter or the opposite hitter. When the setter is in the right front position, the starting line should be a 5-1 offensive line up.